Take Male Piony root 2 drams; Spanish Angelica root 1 dram; Florentine Orris, Lavender flowers, each half a dram; Arabian Stechas flowers 1 dram; Cloves, Nutmeg, Mace, each 1 scruple; Storax calamite, Labdanum, Amber, Balsam of Tolu, each 1 dram; Oil of Rosemary 5 drops; reduce it to a gross Powder; which being mix'd into Cotton, is to be quilted in a silk Cap according to Art.
Every Night at Bed-time, let this Cap be sumed fumed and warm'd with the smoak of Amber, Olibanum, Balsam of Tolu, or the like, Sprinkled upon Coals.
Its of signal use in Humid, Pituitose Affections of the Head, in cold, customary, rheumatic Pains of the same. And its believ'd to recreate the Spirits, and roborate the Brain.
Take Spanish Angelica root, Calamus aromatic, each half an ounce; yellow Sanders, Lavender flowers, Saffron, Caraway seed, Cloves, Mace, Benjamin, Storax calamite, each half a dram; make all into a gross Powder, to be quilted in Silk with Cotton, and hanged from the Neck, upon the region of the Heart.
Take yellow Sanders, Florentine Orris, Calamus aromatic, each 2 drams; Lavender flowers, Coriander seed, Nutmeg, Mace Benjamin, Storax calamite, each 1 dram; Oil of Aniseed, Cloves, each 3 drops, bring all into a course Powder.
Take Spanish Angelica root, Aromatic Reed, each 1 dram and half; dried Mint, Wormwood, each 2 drams; Seeds of Coriander and Caraway, each 1 dram; Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Mace, Cloves, Storax calamite, Benjamin, each half a dram; beat all into a gross Powder.
Take Florentine Orris, Aromatic Reed, each 2 drams; Cubebs, Nutmeg, Mace, Cloves, Calamite Storax, Benjamin, each 1 dram; Oil of Caraway, Mint, Rhodium, each 2 drops; Oil of Wormwood 1 drop; powder grosly and mix.
Take Sloes (not fully ripe) as many as you please; stew them in warm water till soft; pass them through a pulping Sieve; evaporate away the superfluous humidity; then add half its weight of fine Sugar; and boil it up to a due consistence.
This deserves to hold one of the highest places among the strongest Astringents.
Take Spirit of Treacle camphorated 10 ounces; Volatil Sulphureous, Spirit of Vitriol rectify'd (which see in Collectan. Chym.p.491.) 3 ounces; Spirit of Tartar, Spirit of Salt Armoniac each 2 ounces and half; digest all together three
days in Balneo.
Then make distillation almost to driness, and keep the Spirit close in a Glass-bottle.
The Communicator faith, besides other its uses, 'tis a most noble Menstruum; and with it is prepared the Epileptic Tincture, of which hereafter.
Take bark of Guaiacum 7 ounces, Orange-peel 5 ounces, Juniper-berries 1 pound, Daucus-seed 6 ounces, Sugar 6 pound, Spring-water 25 quarts, Yeast as much as needs: Let it stand fermenting 12 days; after which, add the 4 greater hot seeds each I ounce, and (when the fermentation is almost finisht) Scurvy- grass 12 handfuls, Brook-lime 3 handfuls, 1ndian and Water- cresses each 4 handfuls, Horse-radish-root 2 ounces, Saffron 3 ounces, distil and rectify.
The Communicator faith, its Title speaks its use. 'Tis convenient in a cold Scurvy; infringes Acid; discusses Flatulencies, etc. The dose is from 1 scruple to 1 dram.
Take French Brandy 1 quart; Caraway comfits half a pound, Species of Aromaticum Rosatum, and Galcns Letisic, each 2 scruples; having let them stand macerating 14 days, strain, and add Musk and Ambergrise (ty'd up in a piece of Muslin) each 2 grains; Orange-flower-water 4 ounces; at last, put to it as much leaf-Gold as you please.
Take good Brandy 10 ounces; Salt of Tartar calcined high 4 ounces; shake 'em well together in a Glass-bottle; so will the salt imbibe the phlegm of the Spirit, and sink to the bottom, and the limpid yellowish Spirit swim a-top, which decant, and add to it more salt, and do as before; and repeat this Operation again and again, till the salt finding no more phlegm to take hold of, remain dry at the bottom; so shall the Spirit swimming over it be as purely rectify'd, as if 'twere done by distillation.
The Communicator saith, it's a much better Spirit than that rectify'd by distillation, because its acuated with saline Particles, which reserate the Pores of Simples; and therefore is to be preferr'd, for the extraction of Tinctures from Cinnamon, Saffron, Castor, Myrrh, Aloes, etc.
Take Amber, red Coral each half a dram; diaphoretic Antimony, Contrayerva root, Crabseyes, each 1 dram; Crabs-claws half an ounce; levigate all upon a Marble, till it be an exquisitely fine, and impalpable Powder; which make up into little Balls, with gelly of Harts-horn; to these may be added Amber-grise 12 grains.
It is not so chargable as Powder of Crabs-claws compound; because it hath neither
Pearl nor Bezoar, and yet perhaps is a composition inferior not much to it.
Take white Sugar-candy powdered, and searced 3 ounces; Pearl prepared 1 ounce: Make it into a subtile Powder.
Its use is for the making up of Pearl-Juleps speedily and easily, thus:
Take what Waters you have occasion for 12 ounces, Sugar of Pearl half an ounce; mix.
Take common Salt (or Salt Gem.) powdered Aloes (or Species of Hiera) each half a dram; Hony boiled up to a just consistence (that is, 'til 'twill not stick to, and dawb the fingers) as much as sufficient; mix, and make out of it 2 Suppositories.
Or they may be made with crude Alum 1 dram, Hiera picra half a dram, and Hony boil'd up to a due height.
Take gum Ammoniacum, not strain'd, half an ounce; dissolve it in Water 1 ounce; strain, and join it according to Art, with white Syrup 11 ounces.
It powerfully incides, attenuates, deterges, and expectorates. It helps very much in inveterate Maladies that owe their original to thick tough Phlegm, in a laborious
straining Cough, Empyema; yea, and in a Peripneumonia and Pleurisie, when the fury of the Inflammation is past.
It's made after the same manner with Ammoniacum; only Syrup of Fox-glove-flowers is used, instead of the white Syrup.
It's accounted a fine Specific for a Phtisick.
Take Balsam of Tolu 6 drams, boil it (without scumming) In Spring (or fine Barly) water 20 ounces, to 12 ounces; then add treble refined Sugar 1 pound, and without any further boiling, as soon as 'tis melted, take it off from the Fire; set it by to cool, and then strain it.
Take Comfry-roots 6 ounces; Plantain-leaves 12 handfuls cut, beat, and strain out the Juice; to which add an equal weight of Sugar, and boil it up to a Syrup.
He must be a meer Stranger in Physick, that is not acquainted with this (as its Author was) most noble Syrup; and how mightily it succours those that Cough up Blood.
Take white Wine 1 pint and half; filings of Iron 1 ounce and half; powdered white Tartar 6 drams; Cinnamon, Nutmeg each 1 dram and half; Mace, Cloves, each half a dram; make a warm infusion 4 days in a large open Glass (else it will burst asunder); or (which is better, if time will permit) let them stand cold 14 days; decant the clear Wine through a strainer; and having added to 1 pint of it fine Sugar 1 pound, make a Syrup.
Iron (according to Lemery) far excels Steel, for Medicinal Uses, because its not so compact; dissolves easily in the Body, and more freely gives out its virtue.
Take Arsmart-water 1 quart; Prunella-stone 2 ounces; white Sugar 2 pound; boil it up to a Syrup.
It has the same Virtues with the Diuretic Nitrous Julep.
If the Spirit of Vitriol, Nitre, Salt, Oil of Sulphur, or the like intense Mineral Acids, be poured upon Nitre; 'twill raise a smoak like Aqua fortis: Therefore care should be taken, that none of these Chymical Acids be mixed with this Syrup, or any other Nitrous Medicine, because they'll produce such a corrosive sharpness, as will be extreamly noxious to the Stomach and Bowels.
Take Roots of Elecampane, Polypodium, Currants each 2 ounces; Liquorice half an ounce; Virginia Tobacco dry'd two drams; Colts-foot, spotted Lungwort, Savory, Calamint each 1 handful; boil then in simple Hydromel to 1 pint and a half; strain, and adding Sugar 1 pound and a half; make a Syrup.
It hath a great faculty at attenuating inciding, deterging gross, tough, viscid Phlegm; and opening the Lungs. 'Tis therefore convenient in a laborious, deep, pectoral Cough, shortness of Breath, Humoral Asthma, Empyema, etc.
Take Garlic (peel'd, and cut into pieces) Aniseed bruis'd, each half an ounce; Elecampane-root 3 drams; Liquorice 2 drams; Brandy 1 pint and half; stop it up close, and give it a warm digestion, two or three days; then having strained the Liquor out clear, and put it in a silver Porrenger over hot Coals, made it ready to boil, and added very fine Sugar 1 pound and a half; set it a-fire, and as it flameth, keep it stirred as long as 'twill burn. And at last, pass it through a flannel Bag.
This is Dr. Willis's Syrup. I have often caus'd it to be made, and found it a very good one. The virtues of Garlic may be seen in Lohoc of Garlic.
Take juice of Hounds-tongue (clarify'd by coction) and fine Sugar each 1 pound and half; boil it up to a Syrup.
The whole Body of Physicians hath, all along, with a general Voice, attributed to this Plant a soporiferous Quality; and therefore it's made the Basis of Pil. de Cynoglosso. Nay, Schroder faith, because it's suspected to contain a virulent (or venomous) Narcoticism, its seldom us'd. Thus may a good Medicine (as well as Physician) be vogu'd down by a groundless fancy! I profess I have us'd this Syrup a multitude of times, and I could never yet find it cause sleep, or be in the least virulent; but I often experimented it to be a great Remedy, second to none, against hot, sharp, thin, Catarrhous Humours, and a Cough occasioned thereby.
Take Plantain-water 1 pint; Gum Arabic 1 ounce and half; dissolve at the Fire; and add fine Sugar 1 pound: Make it into a Syrup.
See the incrassating Decoction, whose Virtues it emulates. To which add, that externally us'd, it checks an Herpes.
Take sweet Tincture, Hony each one pint; Oil of Aniseed 8 drops: Make a Syrup.
It incrassates, mollifies, maturates, obtunds Acrimony, helps for a Catarrh Cough. But when the Lungs are filled with thick matter, and so suffer a difficulty of Breathing, then attenuating, and inciding Medicines (such as Syrup of Elecampane) are more of use.
Take the Magistrale Decoction of Mallows 1 pint; fine Sugar I pound: Make a Syrup.
For its Virtues, see the said Decoction of Mallows.
Take Moss (call'd Oak-Lungs) 4 handfuls; Comfry-root 6 ounces; Malaga Raisins ston'd 2 ounces; Liquorice 3 drams; Balsam of Tolu 2 drams; boil in Hydromel simple to 1 pint and a half; and with Sugar sufficient, boil it up, pretty high, into a thick Syrup.
It's (saith the Communicator) famous, and effectual against clangose, convulsive, hooping Coughs; if a spoonful or two be given often, both before and after every fit of Coughing, either in Penny-royal-water, or Pectoral Decoction, for some days.
Take Myrrh 2 drams (or at most half an ounce) grind it with brown Sugar-candy 4 ounces; dissolve it in hard boiled whites of Eggs (just as Oil of Myrrh by deliquium is prepared).
It's most excellent in an inveterate Cough, Phtisick, and Ulcer of the Kidneys.
Take Succory-water 8 ounces; Salt of Steel powdered 2 drams; melt it thoroughly over the Fire in a glaz'd Vessel, then set it by two days, that its Crocus may be precipitated; which done, decant the pure clear Liquor, and adding fine Sugar8 ounces, Oil of Cinnamon and Nutmeg each 2 drops: Make a Syrup.
If you pout the solution of Salt of Steel into Milk, 'twill not coagulate it at all; therefore that Salt, tho'prepar'd out of Oil of Vitriol, (one of the most Acid of Acids) yet contains no Acid in it; which is remarkable enough.
Where I had this Note I cannot call to mind; but I believe its partly a mistake, and I wish I knew all mine, that I might retract 'em. Others Experiments are not always to be rely'd on. My own was as follows.
I put into three earthen Porrengers, cold, tepid, and boiling hot Milk, and poured in to each the Solution; and after having let them stand by 24 hours, found the cold scarce turned at all, the tepid a little, but the hot Milk was perfectly separated into a thin bluish Serum, and a coagulum swimming over it; which yet was rather a thick Cream than a true Curd.
Take pure Fountain-water 1 quart; fine Sugar 3 pound; boil (and scum it well) into a Syrup.
I use to appoint my Apothecary to keep this simple Syrup always ready in his Shop; and that, not for any Medicinal Quality I expect form it, but partly (since 'tis cheap) to make up Electuary (of the Bark, for instance) masses of Pills, mixture of Juniper, and a thousand other things where I require nothing at all from the Syrup, but meerly consistence or sweetning.
And partly that the colour of the Medicine may not be spoiled, and on this account its an Ingredient in the Balsamic Emulsion; and to instance in others, when I prescribe Spirit of Harts-horn, or any other of that Volatile Salt kind to be mixed in a Julep; if I should order Syrup of Gilly-flowers, 'twould turn it nasty black, if syrup of Violets green, if syrup of Cowslips brown like Urine; but when I use this colourless Syrup, it gives no unpleasing colour, nor alters the look of the Medicine in the least.
Take Virginia Snake-wort, Contrayerva, Spanish Angelica- roots, and Venice-Treacle each half an ounce; Myrrh 2 drams; Saffron 4 scruples; Cochineal 2 scruples; Tincture of Salt of Tartar
1 pint; digest according to Art, and filtre.
Take Sugar of Lead, and Vitriol of Mars powdered each 1 ounce; rectified Spirit of Wine 4 ounces; set it by till it extract a red Tincture, which filtre.
Ettmuller takes Vitriol of Mars 1 part, and Sugar of Lead 2 parts; and faith, the Tincture partakes not much of the Steel, but hath its chief Virtue from the Lead.
I have heard Jo. Michael was the Author of it, and that 'tis of great esteem in Germany. It restores due tone to the Bronchia, when grown lax, hinders the admission of acrid Serum, heals ruptured Vessels, extinguishes putredinous Ferment, keeps under Hectic Heat, is counted a Specific against spitting of Blood, and is a profitable Medicine in the first stage of a Consumption. Wedelius faith, it tempers the Acrimony, concentres the Halituosity, restrains the rarifaction of the Serum, and stops profuse sweating, which, if it do, it merits a very particular regard. Let 20 or 30 drops be given twice a day in an appropriate Vehicle.
Take Balm of Gilead, of Capive, Peru, and Tolu each 2 drams; Spirit of Wine rectify'd half a pint; digest in Balneo 2 days, and filtre.
This Tincture was invented, to the end that the most delicate, nice and nauseous Persons, might take Balsamics in a Compendium, and without offence. Its a prevailing Medicine to heal Excoriations of the lungs, and fetch off their Infractions. Also against bloody Urine, and Nephritic affects. The Dose is 30 drops thrice a day, in a good Vehicle.
Take Russia Castor half an ounce; yellow Amber powdered, English Saffron of each two drams; fresh Flowers of Lily of the Valley one ounce; to these pout Salt Volatile Sudorifick (before described) ten ounces, digest without heat 6 days, and then decant and filtre.
It thoroughly and miraculously (faith the Communicator) eradicates an Epilepsy and Hysteric Passion; if given before and after the Paroxysme, and repeated before New and Full Moons.
The Dose is from one scruple to one dram, in Black-cherry or Lime-flower-water, or a Cephalic Julep.
Take Gentian sliced thin 4 ounces; Canary wine 1 quart; digest 3 days cold, and pour it thro' a Strainer:
Its Stomachic, Anticolic, Anthelminthic, Antapoplectic, Febrisic; and good in the
Bite of a mad Dog.
The Dose 3 ounces thrice a day.
Take salt of Mars of Riverius (described cap. de Melanch. Hypoch.) soluble Tartar (of which see Collect. Chymic. Leydens.p.444.) each half an ounce; expose them in a Cellar to the Air, till melted; then add Saffron 2 drams; spirituous Cinnamon-water 8 ounces; let them stand cold, and close stop'd up, for a good while, and then filtre for use.
The Communicator faith, its effectual against Palpitation of the Heart, Hypochondriac Melancholy, Cachexy, Womens Obstructions, Cardialgy. Give a Spoonful Night and Morn in white or Canary wine, for 40 days running; for sometimes in inveterate, and pertinacious affections of the Ventricle, Spleen and Uterus, Chalybeates ought to be given a whole Year together.
Take Senna 3 ounces; Rhubarb 1 ounce; Scammony 4 scruples; Brandy 2 quarts; digest.
The Dose is from 2 ounce to 3 or 4.
Take Senna half an ounce; Rhubarb, Agaric ty'd up, species of Hiera, each 2 scruples; white Wine 1 pint, macerate and strain.
I have known it do much good in an Headach, occasioned by Crudity, and Foulness of Stomach.
Let 3 spoonfuls be given at Night, and 4 the next Morn, each other day, with slight observance.
Take Rhubarb sliced thin 2 ounces; Brandy 1 quart; infuse cold.
Its excellent in the bilious Colic. The Doses 3 or 4 ounces.
Take Cinamon 2 drams; Mace, Nutmeg, each 1 dram and half; Cloves 45 grains; grains of Paradise 1 scruple; yellow paring of Orange peel not dry'd 1 dram; Saffron 2 scruples; Cochineal 15 grains; Tincture of Salt of Tartar 12 ounces, digest.
Take Gum Lac Powder'd half an ounce; burnt Alum 1 dram; small spirit of Scurvy grass 8 ounces; stop up close in a glass Bottle, digest till a good Tincture appear, and warily decant.
Its a singular thing for the cure of scorbutic Laxity, bleeding, wasting, putrefaction of the Gums, and stinking Breath, occasioned by the same.
Take Spanish juice of Liquorice cut thin one ounce; Cochineal 2 scruples; Canary wine one quart, digest. To these may be added Saffron one dram.
Liquorice is truly, in general, a laudable and useful Medicine; but is found fault with not withstanding; because consisting of a thick, heavy, sluggish Juice, it creates Nauseousness in the Stomach, and passeth not currently into the Blood. But this Tincture happily possesses the entire Vertues of Liquorice, without its Vices; for it fits easie upon the Stomach, and finds ready admittance into the Blood; and (by its conveyance) into the inmost loculi of the Lungs, where it mollifies and obtunds acrid Serum, moderates the straining of a dry tiresom Cough; admirably digests, and maturates crude Phlegm sticking in the Tubuli, and Vesicles, and renders it for Expectoration.
Give a Spoonful often, either alone, or with a Pectoral Julep.
Take Pistachio peels 6 drams; Tobacco 2 drams; Coltsfoot 1 ounce; oil of Aniseed 8 drops; cut and mix.
Taken in a Pipe like Tobacco, its good to stop a Catarrh, and prevent a Consumption.
Take Pistachio peels 3 drams; dry'd Hyssop white Horebound, Rosa solis each 2 drams, Auripigment, Tobacco, each half an ounce; reduce all into an exquisitely fine Powder; which grind upon a Marble with Yolk of Egg, till it become just like Painters Paint. This lay upon the rough side of Coltsfoot leaves with a Pencil or Knife, and hang them by single. When they are dry, cut them with Scissors fit for a Pipe.
Smoak it, like Tobacco, Morn and Even, and as you are smoaking, draw it into the Lungs with your Breath, and cough it out again.
Dr, Willis Faith, Empericks ordinarily prescribes smoaking of Orpiment like Tobacco; and sometimes with good success. And its a practice with the common People, to sinoak bits of Cloth painted with Orpiment (such as we find us'd for Hangings in some old Houses) and suck it into their Lungs, for a Cure of Consumptions.
Take Horse Radish root pounded 8 ounces, put it into a Bottle with strong Beer 2 quarts; stop it up close, boil it in a Kettle of water, and then putting it in a Close-stool-chair, fit over it, as hot as may be endur'd.
When stoppage of Urine happens, by reason of Pain of the Stone (either cramping
up the Fibres of the Bladder, or Paralytically relaxing 'em) such a smart sort of a Vapour brings good relief, for by solving the Spasm, and rousing the Spirits, it causeth the said Fibres to fal to their necessary work again of Compression. But when the Water is suppress'd by a Stone, plugging up the Passage of the Ureters, or Urethra, little or no assistance can be expected from it.
Take Hellebore roots both white and black, of each one ounce; each one ounce; Juniper and Bayberries of each 6 drams; Cummin-seed half an ounce; Rue, Wormwood, Camomile flowers, each I handful; Water 3 pints; Vinegar 1 pint and a half, boil to 2 quarts for a Vapour.
This subtile, piercing, and very sharp Vapour, penetrates to the Tympanum it self fuses and deterges the Ear-wax and Filth, and notably strengthens the Tone of the Ear. An eminent Physician (in his place and time) held this a very great Secret against Deafness, and wonderfully commended it to me. Perhaps the first hint of this might be taken from an Oil for the Ear, which Rondeletius makes of white Hellebore roots, Bay and Ash leaves, and Rue boil'd in Wine and Oil.
Take Mullein, Henbane, each 4 handfuls, boilin Water 4 quarts to 3 quarts, and let the Vapour be received hot thro' a perforated Chair.
It's a good thing for the Hemorrhoids, to abate their swelling, and allay their Pain.
Take Balsam of Tolu, Benjamin, each 2 drams; Hyssop, Penny- royal, each 1 handful; Aniseed half an ounce; boil in Milk 3 pints to 1 quart, at last add spirit of Salt Armoniac 2 drams, mix.
Altho' the Aspera Arteria admits no Liquors into it (as is aforesaid in Haly's Lohoch) yet it allows, without reluctation, that Vapours may insinuate themselves immediately into the Tubuli and Vesicles of the Lungs, with their intire Virtues.
This Remedy is profitable to Consumptive People, upon several accounts; for because of its comforting, digesting warmth, it refreshes the Tone of the parts, and ripens Crudities; because of its inciding and irritating Qualities, it attenuates viscid Phlegm; and brings it off: And lastly, because of its balsamic, sanative nature, it corrects a putredinous tendency, and cures and heals Ruptures of the Vessels.
Take Pepper powder'd 1 ounce; Milk 1 quart, boil it to 1 pint and a half; put it into a glass Bottle with a small neck, and let the Reek be receiv'd, as hot as can be endur'd, with open Mouth.
This Euporiston doth, more powerfully than any Gargle whatsoever, attenuate, melt down, and draw forth tough Phlegm, which by obstructing the Glands, and spongy Flesh, and hindering the free passage thro' them of Blood and Humours, occasion'd the Inflammation and Tumour. And therefore, more effectually takes off this perillous Distemper, than any of them.
Take powder'd Aloes 2 drams; Scammony, Troches of Alhandal, each half a dram; Oxe Gall 1 dram; Butter as much as needs. Make an Unguent.
It's to be us'd to Childrens Navels, against Worms. I know not whether that of Riverius (cap. de Hydrope) be founded on Experience, or not, where he writes, That Unguents compos'd of the strong Purgers are dangerous, because the purgative Quality being carry'd into and fix'd in the Muscles and Membranes, often causes a mortal Flux.
Take Oil of Lilies, and of Thamarisk, each two Ounces; Juice of white Bryony roots, and Smalage, each one Ounce: Boil to the Consumption of the Juices, and adding Ointment of Marsh-Mallows, fresh Butter, each one Ounce; Gum Ammoniac strained half Ounce: Wax as much as needs. Make an Ungent.
All Tumours are caused by an Obstruction somewhere or other; which like a Dam, stopping the stopping the Course of the influent Humours, makes an Inundation. Therefore Aperitives ought to be such as (by Reason of the subtilty of their Particles, and such a degree of warmth, as is agreeable to the nature of the part) are able to dissolve those Concretions, supple and smooth the rigid Fibres, deoppilate the Interstices, and internal Passages, relax the tense Cutis, and set open the Pores that were clos'd up. These things accomplish'd, the Blood whirles round and resorbs the thick Liquamen into its Channel; and the free Pores give way for the thinner part to fly off by Diaphoresis. And so all is brought back, and restor'd to its due state of Nature again.
The common Opinion of Authors is, that Fat things obstruct the Pores, hinder Transpiration, and retain Vapours in the Part affected. But the contrary of this (if I am not mightily mistaken) is true. For as the
Fibrille (of which the Tegmen of the Cutis is made) are either contracted or relaxed, Transpiration is accordingly either hinder'd or helped. And when, by reason of a painful Tumour, these Fibrille are tense, rigid, and constring'd, then they purse up the Pores, and suffer nothing to transpire: But when, by means of lenifying, suppleing Oils, those Fibrille are softned, lubricated, and relaxed; they suffer the Pores to open again, and facilitate Diaphoresis.
This Unguent is very prevalent in a tensive Tumour of the Liver, Spleen and Abdomen; but not in an aquose, glandulous, or scirrhous Swelling.
Take white Ointment half an ounce; Camphire (ground with a few drops of Oil of Almonds) Flower of Sulphur, each 24 grains; Flower of Benjamin 12 grains; Queen of Hungary's Water 40 drops; Oil of Rhodium 8 drops; Oil of Cloves 4 drops. Make an Ointment.
Its very useful for Pushes, Pimples, and Blemishes in the Face.
Take Orange flower butter, Palm Oil, each 2 drams; Apoplectic Balsam 1 scruple; Oil of Cinnamon, Cloves, Nutmeg, each 4 drops, mix.
Take Bees burnt, Mouse dung, each half an ounce; Balsam of Peru 2 drams; Honey as much as sufficient. Make an Unguent.
The fore-part of the Head only is liable to be bald, faith Aristotle: The reason given is, because, between the Cutis and Cranium, in the Sinciput, there are found no Muscles or Fat, as there are in the Occiput; and so the Cutis there becoming dry, and, as it were, testaceous, the Hair falls off.
Take juice of Elder leaves (or rinds) Linseed Oil, each 2 ounces; boil to the consumption of the Juice, and then add powder'd Litharge as much as serves to make it up into an Unguent.
Take Unguent of Alabaster 1 dram and half; Oil of Mace by expression 1 scruple; Opium (dissolv'd in a little Rose water) half a scruple, mix.
See the Frontal with Camphire.
Take Populeon Ointment 1 ounce; Oil of Amber 2 drams, mix.
Its for the Hemorrhoids, when swell'd and painful.
Take powder'd Alum half an ounce; Butter 2 ounces; Wax 2 drams, mix.
Take yellow Wax 6 drams; Sperma Ceti, Oil of Mace express'd wach 2 drams; Oil of sweet Almonds 3 ounces; Oil of Nutmeg 16 drops; Oil of Cloves 8 drops: Mix.
It's a very fine, yellow, fragrant, comfortable Ungent; and has the same Virtues with the Pectoral Plaister.
It's generally to be observ'd, in the external use of Chymical Oils, that they are to be apply'd not alone, but mixed with Wax, and Fats, that they may adhere to the Skin the better, otherwise they will be apt to be dissipated, and evaporated into the Air.
Take Unguent of Marsh Mallows 1 ounce; Linseed Oil half an ounce; Oil of Cummin half a dram; Camphire half a scruple: mix.
In inflammatory Tumours, there's a congestion of gelatinous Lympha, which (by compressing the Vessels) Stops the course of the Blood, and forceth it to extravasate; and then the carneous Fibres, by that extravasated Blood (which drives in among them like wedges) being thrust out of place, consusedly tangled, and stretch'd and strain'd
out beyond their due tone, produce the sense of Pain. Now towards the removal of this Evil, there are two things especially to be done, First the fizy concretion must (by the assistance of Volatiles) be so dissolved, and liquefy'd, as that it may easily be remanded into the Veins again. Secondly the Fibres themselves must (by Oily things) be made limber, and slippery. These accomplish'd, the pulsific Motion of the Blood continually thrusting on, the Fibres will be disentangled, and recover their natural direct rows; due Circulation through the part will be redintegrated, congested Humour resorbed, and consequently the Distemper discharged.
Take Althea Ointment 1 ounce; Oil of sweet Almonds 3 drams; Camphir 1 scruple; spirit of Salt Armoniac 1 dram: mix.
Anointed on the parts affected, it appeases, and takes away Pleuritic, and Podagric Pains, (saith the Coummunicator) for it's very penetrating, and either obtunds or dissipates the sharp stagnating Particles; or restores the extravasated to the circulating mass of Blood.
And I have Learn'd from Experience (saith he) that Spirituous Medicines mixt with Unctuous, do mightily ease Pains, which Spirituous alone do not.
Take black Soap 4 ounces; Barbadoes Tar, Hony each 1 ounce and half; and the white of one Egg: Mix.
Of the manner how external Antipodarics operate; See the Arthritic Plaister, and Podagric Foment. This hath often brought relief.
Take Ointment of Poplar 1 ounce and half; Oil of Scorpions, Juice of Limon each half an ounce; Opium 1 scruple; Camphir half a scruple: Make an Unguent, to be us'd to the Reins, in a Nephritic Fit.
Take Castile Soap 1 ounce and half; Oil of Tartar by deliquium 1 ounce; Fuller's Earth 3 drams; roots of white and black Hellebore each 1 dram and half; Elder Ointment (prepar'd with a mixture of Broom-flowers in it) 2 ounces: Mix.
It's for Spots, Pustules, Scabs, and all manner of foulness of the Face and Skin.
Take Nerve Ointment 1 ounce; Neats-foot Oil, Oil of Earth- worms, Bullocks-fat Marrow (that droppeth out of a boil'd Marrow- bone)
each half an ounce; fine Turpentine 2 drams; liquid Storax, Sperma Ceti each 1 dram; Oil of Anniseed 12 drops: Mix up an Unguent.
When a Limb, struck with a dead Palsie, begins to grow cold, wast away, lose its motion, and shrink up: In this difficult Case, such a remedy as this, used with good froction, sometimes is helpful. For by means of its suppleing, oily Substance; it mollifies and relaxes the dry, hard, contracted, carneous Fibres; by means of its Balsamic, and Aromatic Parts; it revives and roborates the benumbed, weak, nervous Fibres. And lastly, when good rubbing is added to the rest, one may well hope, that the Blood, and Spirits may be drawn more plentifully into the part; and that natural Heat, and Tone, and Nourishment may be restored to the Member again.
Take Dialthea Unguent 2 ounces; gum Ammoniacum strain'd half an ounce; Oil of Juniper 20 drops; mix according to Art.
It excellently attenuates, ans dissolves gross, tough Humours, where-ever collected, and is mighty convenient in Tumours of the Abdomen,and Hypochondria.
Take gum Ammoniacum strain'd, half an ounce; Labdanum 2 drams; Hens-grease 1 ounce; Oil of Roses 4 ounces; juice of Hemlock 3 ounces; boil to the consumption of the Juice; at last, add (when it groweth cool) Balsam of Peru 2 drams.
It serves for the same uses with the next precedent. See the Aperitive Unguent.
Take fine Venice Turpentine, spirits of Salt Armoniac, each I dram; Wax, Oil of Juniper each 2 drams; oil of Cloves 1 dram; oil of Mint 2 scruples; oil of Wormwood 1 scruple, mix with art. Its an elegant and noble Unguent, which I have experimented my self, highly approve of.
Take Ointment of Marsh Mallows 1 ounce; Oil of Turpentine and Anise each 1 scruple, mix.
Let the Region of the Pubes and Perineum be anointed with it, in a grievous Fit of the Stone in the Bladder, to comfort the Parts weakned by torture, and to relax their dolorisic Tension. [p. 429]
Take Tamarinds 1 ounce; them in a Mortar with thin Mucilage of Gum Dragant, pass them thro' a pulping Sieve, dissolve also Spanish juice of Liquorice in the same sort of Mucilage 2 drams; mix, and make Troches as thin as Wafers to seal Letters; which dry in an Oven, according to art.
These are very pretty desirable and useful things to hold in the Mouth, to alleviate Thirst, and take away an ill Taste in Fevers.
Take Roots of Burdock, Avens, Tormentil, Hounds tongue fresh gathered, each 4 ounces; Herbs of Ragwort, Herb Robert, Plantain, Celandine, Agrimony, Speedwel, Groung Ivy, Housteek, each 2 handfuls; seeds of sweet Fennel, Coriander, each 2 ounces; Whey 2 gallons; distil in a cold Still as long as it runs good.
In distilling of Waters, its a very great (and perhaps common) Fault, to be over covetous; for a little bad that falls at last, will quite spoil all the good that came before. Let the Apothecary therefore leave off, as soon as ever it begins to tast sour, or burnt.
I mostly prefer Whey before Milk, for distillation; because the Cheesy part being
taken away, its less apt to burn, and give an abominable Taste to tho Water. Yet I am of the Mind that for some uses Milk is to be preferr'd: My Reasons for which shall be hinted, when I speak of Scorbutic Snail water. Its use is, to make Juleps of in obstinate Distempers, that lye deep and remote: such as Cancer, Kings-Evil, etc. In three Ounces of it may be mashed, washed and squeezed out 40 or 50 Millepeds, for a Morning Dose, to be continued for an whole Month together.
Take clean Filings of Needles, and white Tartar powder'd, each 4 ounces; Spring water 1 gallon; stir it well together, and either let it stand cold 14 days; or (if you want it sooner) digest it three days in a moderate heat, in an Oven. Then carefully decant the clear, and keep it for use in Bottles, not corked close, but ty'd over with a Paper only, for if it be kept close corked, or too long, it will corrupt, and stink, and be unfit for use: But if it should, that inconvenience will not be great, since its not very chargeable still to make fresh.
Dr.Willis's Preparation to Steel (to be found in Dr. Harris's Pharmacologia) gave me the first hint of making this Liquor; which is highly impregnated with both Sulphur and
Salt of the Mineral, and may not inconveniently be given in form of a pleasant Julep, thus:
Take Chalybeate Water 1 pint; Water of Mint and Wormwood compound, each 2 ounces; Magistral Worm water, Gentian compound, Syrup of the five opening Roots, each 4 ounces; mix, and give 6 Spoonfuls twice a day.
Take Brooklime, Water Cresses, Harts tongue each 3 handfuls; juicy Orange peels 3; Nutmeg 6 drams; succulent fresh Horse dung 3 pound; Whey 9 pints; juice of Scabions, Dandelion and Hyssop water, each 1 pint. Draw off the Water gently, in a cold Still, for in an Alembic (which used for expedition sake) they are apt to urge it with too much fire, and then the Water is not so pleasant.
'Tis used in Juleps, in the Pleurisy, Scurvy, and vagous Pains.
Take Juniper berries well bruised 12 ounces; Seeds of Anise, Caraway, Coriander, each one ounce; Brandy 6 quarts; Water (boil'd half away) 2 quarts; decrepitated Salt 4 ounces. Distil in an Alembic according to art.
If instead of Brandy you employ a foul Spirit, such as the common Distillers use, its filthy Phlegm would give your Water a nasty Smell and Taste.
I add Water, both to take down the heat of the Spirit, and also to keep the Ingredients from burning: And I may put in as much as I will, for the Spirit will come over the Helm first; and afterwards when it runneth too small, I may cease the Operation, and leave the rest behind in the Vesica. My design in boiling it is, to drive off those crude Particles. that are apt to make it mothery or musty.
That Distill'd Water is not the same with Spring Water, appears from this Experiment (as I read in Tachenius Hip.106.) If you drop a solution of Saccharum Saturni, made in common Water, or of Silver, made in Aqua fortis, into spring Water, 'twill turn it milky white, which 'twill not do, if dropped into the same Water distilled: And therefore B. Porta (in magn. nat.l.5.C.5.p.254.) for the preparing of the Philosophical Tree, appointeth the Water to be two or three times distill'd, that it may remain diaphanous. And so he thinks its plainly prov'd, that Spring Water contains an occult Alkali, which distilling utterly divests it of.
It provokes Urine, expels Wind, warms and corroborates the Stomach and Bowels, and is good in the Colic and Spleen.
Take live Millepeds 1 pint and half; fresh Orange and Lemon Peel, each 3 ounces; white Bread 12 ounces; Nutmeg 6 drams; juice of Scabious and Cleavers, each 1 pint; Whey 3 quarts; Make Distillation.
The Peels ought to be green, and juicy; for tho' Aromatic Herbs (such as Mint, and Thyme) yield forth more Chymical Oil when dry, than green and clogg'd with Phlegm; yet on the contrary, Orange and Lemon Peel afford most Oil (and consequently most Tast, Smell and Virtue) before they are dry'd.
It depurates the Blood, clears the Nerves, carries off by Urine; is useful in Distempers of the Brain, and Genus Nervosum; in scorbutic Joint-pains, Gout, Spleen, Phthisic, Consumption, King's-Evil, weakness of the Eyes. See more in Expression of Millepedes simple.
Take Horse Radish and Arum roots, Orange-peel, each 3 ounces; Scurvygrass, Arsmart, each 6 handfuls; Water-cresses, Brooklime, Sage, Mint, each 3 handfuls; Nutmeg 3 drams; stale strong Beer 6 quarts; distil in an Alembic.
It serves to put into Juleps, Infusions, Decoctions, etc. against the Scurvy, and its various Symptoms; as also to provoke Urine, in case of Dropsie, Palsie, etc.
Take Snails beaten to mash with their Shells 3 pound; Crumb of white Bread new bak'd 12 ounces; Nutmeg 6 drams; Ground-Ivy 6 handfuls, Whey 3 quarts; distil it in a cold Still, without burning.
It I would have this Water not so absolutely cold, I add Brandy half a pint, or a pint. I have had it also in my Thoughts to add Balsam of Tolu 6 drams, that it might be enrich'd with the grateful balsamic Gas, but I never try'd it.
The Essence and Affections of things are so minute and subtile, so abstruse and remote, that they are mostly better understood a posteriori, than a priori. 'Twas not speculative Philosophy, and fine spun Hypotheses, but Experience and Observation that taught us Lapis Lazuli is purgative, Stibium emetic, and Arsenic venomous. How many ingenious Hot-heads have we seen, whole Brains were fill'd with nothing but Fumes, Fancies, and Falsities, that might as well have been furnish'd with useful practical Knowledge, had they been content to have let Experience go before, and Reason follow after? Upon these Considerations, tho' Zwelfer deny any Virtue to such like Waters, because Snails and Bread cannot send their Mucilage and thick Juice over the Helm in distillation; yet for ought he knew (and 'tis believ'd Experience
vouches it) sanative Effluviums, which our Senses reach not, they may, sufficient to enrich their watery Vehicle with Medicina Virtues. This Water humects, dilutes, supples, tempers, nourishes, comforts; and therefore is highly conducive in hectic consumptive Emaciations.
Take Snails bruis'd with their Shells 3 pound, fresh Orange rinds 3 ounces; Brooklime, Water-cresses, Cleavers each 3 handfuls; Whey 3 quarts distil in a cold Still
As to cold-Still Waters, its most certain, they are apt to carry off the Salt of the Metal: For I have often observ'd them to taste as tho' a good quantity of Saccharum Saturni were dissolv'd in them. And in the Book of Experiments, made in the Academy del Cimento, its said, That if Water distill'd in a Leaden Still, be pour'd into River or Spring Water, 'twill muddy it; which Water distill'd in Glass will not: And that muddy Water will become clear again, if a few drops of strong Vinegar be put into it, and shook about; the plain reason of which must be, because the Acid precipitates the Salt of the Lead. That Water distill'd from Milk is not (whatever others may suggest) meer, sincere, elementary Water, manifestly appears
(among other Arguments) from hence; that if it be too long kept; it turns four. Now Flesh Broth (which is Water impregnated with Animal Juices) will do the same; but as for simple Water, tho' it be kept an whole Age, it never will.
But Milk Water is (according to my Notion) a delicate Animal Dew, agreeable to our Nature; which supplying a soft and amicable Lympha, void of all saline Asperities, dilutes, edulcorates, contempers, and mingles the whole Mass of Blood, renders it uniformly liquid, benign, homogeneous; and so notably assists it to circulate freely through the minutest Passages, break open Obstructions, cast off its Excrements, subdue its Fervors, and cherish and nourish the Parts.
But to get such a fine Water in perfection, I should advise, to receive the Milk under the Cow into a Glass Cucurbit; to close its Head upon it presently while warm; to distil it with as low a degree of Fire, as will just serve to make it rise; to draw no more at a time than the Patient is to drink at one Dose, and to give it as soon as distill'd.
This Snail-water is commendable in erratic scorbutic Fevers, Flushings, flying Pains of the Joynts, hectic wasting of Flesh, and Night-sweats.
Take roots of sharp-pointed Dock and Polypodium each 4 ounces; Herbs liverwort, Agrimony, Succory, Hop tops each 2 handfuld; Juice of Fumitory 1 pint; Senna 1 ounce; Tamarinds 2 ounces; Whey 3 gallons: Boil to 2 gallons and strain.
Take white Briony roots 1 ounce; Senna, Agaric each half ounce; infuse in a lukewarmth for a Night, in Whey 1 pint half, in the Morning boil to 1 pint, adding, at last, Caraqay seed half an ounce; Manna 2 ounces; in the strain'd dissolve syrup of Mugwort 2 ounces, mix for 4 Doses.
This particularly purges Phlegm, is proper in a Green- sickness, and after Lying in.
Take Scurvygrass, Plantain each 2 handfuls; Brooklime, Water-cresses, Fumitory, Sorrel each 1 handful; beat them in a marble Mortar, pour to them Whey 1 quart; strain out, and boil till it be well clarify'd.
Take Whitewine 1 quart; Brandy 4 ounces; Gentian root 4 scruples; tops of Carduus, Centory, Camomile flowers, each 8 scruples; thin yellow Parings of Orange 2 drams; Mace, Nutmegs, Cloves, Cochineal, each 2 scruples; macerate
[p. 438] cold till the Virtues of the Ingredients be extracted; then decant thro' a Strainer.
Take bitter Wine 1 pint; Senna 1 ounce; Rhubarb 2 drams; infuse cold, and strain.
The Dose is 5, 6, 7 spoonfuls.
Take bitter Wine, and Chalybeate Wine, each 1 quart, mix.
Begin at 4, and so gradually ascend to 8 spoonfuls, twice a day.
Take Senna 2 ounces; white Tartar powder'd 8 scruples; White wine 1 quart; Brandy 4 ounces; macerate cold 3 days, and strain.
It may given, either alone to 4 ounces, or purging Potion may be made of it extempore, by adding Oil of Aniseed 1 dram, Scammony and Syrup of Roses solutive, as much as shall be deem'd requisite.
Take clean Filings of Needles (without mixture of Pin-dust) 2 ounces; Juice of 8 sowr Oranges; Let it stand 24 hours, then add White wine 2 quarts; Cinnamon half an ounce; Cloves 2 drams; Mace 4 scruples; digest and strain. If it be done cold, the Wine will be the fresher, but the longer in doing.
In the Chalybeate Syrup, you have also the preparation of another very good Chalybeate Wine; which see.
Whatever Virtue Steel can give out in Wine, this intirely possesses. Some there are, who conceiting that the principal use of Steel consists in destroying of Acids, are vehemently set against preparing it with Acids. But if they would serve their Hypothesis less, and consult Experience more, they would.
be certainly convinc'd, that Acids are the best Key to unlock Chalybeates with.
Of the Virtues and Use of Steel, more may be seen in Chalybeate Powder: To which I shall here add, that if the primary Intention be to correct the deprav'd ferment of the Stomach, Chalybeate Electuaries, or Powders are most proper Forms; but if exalting of the Blood, opening Obstructions, and rectifying the Habit of the Body be the design, then Wine is more eligible. The Dose is to 3 ounces twice a day.
Take Whitewine 1 quart; Salt of Wormwood 2 drams, mix.
Every one knows the Medicine for a Dropsie made of Wormwood, or Broom Ashes in Whitewine: But since Wine can extract nothinh out of those Ashes but their fix'd Salt, its manifest, that this is the self same thing, but cleaner than that, and prepar'd extempore
Its not only a good Remedy against a Dropsy, but also against Nauseousness, Vomiting, and Intermiting Fevers. The Dose 4 or 6 ounces twice a day.
Take green Elecampane root, white Sugar, Currants cut small, each 4 ounces; White wine 2 quarts, infuse cold.
It discharges the Lungs, roborates the Stomach, kills Worms, removes Obstructions, depurates the Blood. The Dose is 3 ounces twice a day.
Take Florentine Orris 2 ounces; Elecampane, Squills, each half ounce; Elder and dwarf Elder rind, each 1 ounce; Winters bark 2 drams; Senna 2 ounces; black Hellebore, Agaric, Jalap, each 2 drams; White wine 2 quarts, infuse cold.
Its a most excellent, and a thousand times experimented Medicine for an Anasarca; for it having attenuated, disturbed and remov'd the gelatinous Colluvies stagnating in the Habit of the Body, hindering free passage through the Tubuli, and occasioning the Lympha to overflow it first returns it into the Channel of the circulating Blood, and then carries it away both by Urine and Stool. The Dose is 4 ounces in the Morning.
Take dwarf Elder rind, Florentine Orris root, each 2 ounces; inner rind of black Alder dry'd 1 ounce and half; Elecampane, Squills, each half an ounce; Juniper-berries 2 drams and half; Jalap half an ounce; black Hellebore 2 drams; Senna 2 ounces, Salt of Wormwood 4 scruples; White wine 2 quarts; digest cold and filtrate.
Its a very good Medicine for a universal Dropsy (faith our Communicator) for it incides and attenuates the viscous Lympha, which being congeal'd in the Pores of the Parts and Lymphatic Vessels, endangers bursting of them, and after, partly precipitates them thro' the Cataracts of the Kidnies, and partly evacuates'em by Siege.
Take Turmeric powder'd 2 ounces; Saffron 2 scruples; Cochineal 4 scruples; Millepeds 320; Canary wine 2 pints and half, infuse cold.
Its eminent for the same Virtues with Icteric Decoction and Turmeric Electuary. The Dose 4 ounces twice a day.
Take Canary (or rather Sherry) wine 1 quart; Cinnamon-water 4 ounces; Cloves, Mace, Nutmeg, Cubebs, Cardamon, Galingal, Cochineal, Saffron, each 1 dram, digest cold and strain.
Its an Aqua Mirabilis by Infusion; is stomachic, carminative, cordial, cephalic, and good only in cold Distempers.
Take Spanish Juice of Liquorice 1 ounce; Saffron 1 scruple; seeds of Coriander, Caraway, Anise, each 2 drams; salt of Tartar half an ounce; Penyroyal and Hyssop Waters each 4 ounces; Canary wine 1 quart, digest cold.
Its akin to the sweet Tincture; but incides and expectorates more. Let 2 ounces be given four times a day, or oftner.
Take Garden Scurvy-grass (dry gather'd and whole) 1 handful; Horse Radish root scrap'd half an ounce; Winters Bark powder'd grosly 2 drams; Arum water, White wine, each 1 pint. Let them stand cold 3 days.
The Title speaks its use. See warm Scorbutic Ale.
Three ounces may be drank in Ale or Beer thrice a day.
Take Roots of Virginia Snake-weed and Gentian each 3 drams; Galengal, Cloves, Cubebs, Mace, Nutmeg, Saffron, each 1 dram; Cochineal half a dram; Canary wine 3 pints: Infuse cold.
For Weakness, Crudity, Belching, want of Appetite, bad Digestion, and all kinds of Stomach Illness from a cold Cause, give a Draught before and after Meals.
The Relation mention'd Page 199, is not forgotten, but for the present omitted, out of Civility to some who were trick'd in to concern themselves.
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